IMAP Department of Philosophy

(Credit 2)
Intended Year:
Intended School:
Japan: Religious Traditions
Japan: Religious Traditions
Sub Title  Japan: Religious Traditions
Assistant Professor Caleb CARTER
Numbering Code:
Course Code:
2019 SpringTerm
weekly Tue4
Ito Classroom
E科目 (English, English)
Course Overview Japan is a country steeped in religious thought and practice, its landscape permeated by temples and shrines that have mediated between the human realm and the divine throughout its history. This topography developed historically out of doctrines, rituals, and deities imported from China, Korea, Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent and more recently, the West. Upon reaching Japan’s shores, major transformations invariably took place. New lineages emerged and Buddhist practitioners intervened in the worship of local deities, eventually leading to the formation of Shinto. This course explores the major schools of Japanese religions (Pure Land, Tantric, Zen and Nichiren Buddhism, Shinto, Shugendō & newer religions) as well as issues such as religious pluralism, popular devotion, women’s participation, and mountain rituals. In addition to considering doctrinal developments, we will situate religious life in broader socio-historical contexts. The course is arranged in chronological order, beginning with the entrance of Buddhism in the sixth century and proceeding up to the present.
Keywords : Japanese religions, Buddhism, Shinto, Shugendo
Prerequisites :
Required Ability : English proficiency
授業形態(項目) 授業形態(内容)
Problem-Based Learning (問題発見・解決型学習)
Moodle の使用
Textbooks : Deal, William, and Brian Ruppert. A Cultural History of Japanese Buddhism.West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell, 2015.
Reference Books : Ōtani Eiichi 大谷栄一, Akira Kikuchi 菊地暁, and Takashi Nagaoka 永岡崇, eds. Nihon shukyoshi no ki wado: Kindai shugi o koete 日本宗教史のキーワード: 近代主義を超えて. Keio Gijuku Daigaku Shuppankai, 2018.
Bukkyoshi Gakkai 佛教史学会, ed. Bukkyōshi kenkyū handobukku 仏教史研究ハンドブック. Hōzōkan, 2017.
Course Handouts :
Course Plan
Tentative Weekly Schedules Lecture Exercise, Field trip etc. Comments, suggestions for the course preparation, review, etc.
1 Course Overview & Basics in Buddhism
2 Conceptualizing Japanese Religions
3 Religious Formation in Early Japan (Protohistory up to 750)
4 Ancient Buddhism (700–1100) I The Nara schools & Formation of Tendai Buddhism
5 Ancient Buddhism II Formation of Shingon Buddhism
Rise of the Tendai and Shingon lineages, local deities, sacred space & performance
6 Medieval (1100–1600) I Tantric Lineages and Kamakura Buddhism
7 Medieval II Sōtō & Rinzai Zen
8 Medieval III Shintō & Shugendō
9 Medieval IV Lotus Schools & Late Medieval Developments
10 Early Modern (1600-1868): Government Intervention and Early Modern Schools Interventions by the shogunate (Christian persecution & regulation of Buddhism), rise of sectarianism
Influence of Confucianism, new Shintō lineages, Ōbaku Zen
11 Early Modern: Popular & New Religions Cults, pilgrimage & popular religion
New religions: self-cultivation
12 Modern Developments Separation of buddhas and kami, Anti-Buddhist sentiments
National Shintō, new religions
13 Postwar Period Postwar Shintō, Funeral Buddhism & “new” new religions
Shrine life, festival, pilgrimage & worship
14 Contemporary Japan Aum Shinri kyō, Spirituality, Power Spots
15 Presentations Presentations of Site Visits

Suggestion for success (Specific) :
Study Consultation (Office Hours) : Consultation available upon appointment
Course Objectives
かなり優れている 優れている 及第である 一層の努力が必要
MP_B2-a [総合把握力]
MP_A-a [先行研究の理解]
MP_B1-a [一次資料の読解]
MP_B1-c [理論的な分析]
MP_A-c [研究史と方法論の説明]
MP_B2-b [理論的思考力]
GPA Evaluation
授業を通じて、総じて「かなり優れている」に相当する活動を行った。 授業を通じて、概ね「優れている」を超える活動を行った。 授業を通じて、「及第する」に相当する活動を行った。 授業を通じて、総じて「及第する」には達しないものの、それに近い活動を行った。 授業を通じて、「一層の努力が必要」の活動にとどまった。
Evaluation Method
Grading Percentage, Disqualification etc.

Additional Information regarding Evaluation Method :
Others Others :

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: 2019/3/12 (16:26)